‘Broad Beans from Ilektra’

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Broad Beans / Fèves / Κουκιά
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Description

Ref: FABA_VICI_FABA_001

Common Name: Broad beans / Fèves / Κουκιά

Scientific Name: Vicia faba

 

Plant’s cycle: annual

Light Requirement: semi-shade, Full Sun

Soil type: Prefers a fairly heavy loam. pH: 5.5 - 7.5

Sowing in nursery: March/April

Direct Planting: April/May

Germination: 5 days after sowing at 21°C

Harvest: 55 days

Spacing: 8cm/40cm/3cm deep  

 

Flower is hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: self-pollinated (cross pollination occurs)

Plant is self-fertile

Seed preservation: 4 years

 

Edible Parts: Leaves, Seeds, seedpods.

Medicine: Diuretic

The seedpods are diuretic

Other Uses: Fibre; Soap making.

A fibre is obtained from the stems. The burnt stems are rich in potassium and can be used in making soap.

Known Hazards: The seed of this plant can trigger ‘Favism’ in susceptible people. Inhaling the pollen can also cause the disease. Favism, which is a severe haemolytic anaemia due to an inherited enzymatic deficiency when the person is genetically inclined towards the disease. About 1% of Caucasians and 15% of Negros are susceptible to the disease.

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