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Corn / Maïs / Καλαμπόκι
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Description

Ref: POAC_ZEA_MAYS_002

Common Name: Corn / Maïs / Καλαμπόκι

Scientific Name: Zea mays

 

Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: Full sun

Soil type: Requires a well drained soil and ample moisture in the growing season. pH 5.5 to 6.8

Sowing in nursery: April

Direct Planting: May

Germination: 7 to 8 days after sowing ( 21 ºC)

Harvest: 120 days after sowing

Spacing: 40cm/40cm/3cm deep  

 

Flower is Monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant)

Pollination: cross-pollinated by wind

Plant is self-fertile

Seed preservation: 5 years

 

Edible Parts: Pollen; Seed; Stem.

Medicine: Cancer;  Cholagogue;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Hypoglycaemic;  Hypotensive;  Lithontripic;  Stimulant;  Vasodilator; Warts

A decoction of the leaves and roots is used in the treatment of strangury, dysuria and gravel. The corn silks are cholagogue, demulcent, diuretic, lithontripic, mildly stimulant and vasodilator. They also act to reduce blood sugar levels and so are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus as well as cystitis, gonorrhoea, gout etc. The silks are harvested before pollination occurs and are best used when fresh because they tend to lose their diuretic effect when stored and also become purgative. The seed is diuretic and a mild stimulant. It is a good emollient poultice for ulcers, swellings and rheumatic pains, and is widely used in the treatment of cancer, tumours and warts. It contains the cell-proliferant and wound-healing substance allantoin, which is widely used in herbal medicine to speed the healing process.

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