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Chilli Peppers hot / Piment Fort / Καυτερές Πιπεριές
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Description

Ref: SOLA_CAPS_CHIN_005

Common Name: Chilli Peppers hot / Piment Fort / Καυτερές Πιπεριές

Scientific Name: Capsicum chinense

 

Plant’s cycle: grown as an annual but in home gardens sometimes a short-term perennial

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: fertile well-drained soil of any kind; pH: 4.3 – 8.3

Sowing in nursery: February/March

Direct Planting: April (direct seeding is rarely practiced)

Germination: 20 to 30 days after sowing (20ºC)

Harvest: 150 days after sowing

Spacing: 20cm/40cm/1cm deep  

 

Flower is hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: Self-pollinated and cross-pollinated by iinsects

Plant is self-fertile

Seed preservation: 3 years

 

Edible Parts: Fruit; Seeds

Medicine: Anaesthetic;  Antihaemorrhoidal;  Antirheumatic;  Antiseptic;  Carminative;  Diaphoretic;  Digestive;  IrritantRubefacient;  Sialagogue;  Stimulant;  Stomachic.

The dried fruit is a powerful local stimulant with no narcotic effect. It has proved efficacious in dilating blood vessels and thus relieving chronic congestion of people addicted to drink. Used externally, the fruit is a strong rubefacient stimulating the circulation, aiding the removal of waste products and increasing the flow of nutrients to the tissues. A weak infusion can be used as a gargle to treat throat complaints. The fruit is also antihaemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialagogue and stomachic. These pungent fruited peppers are important in the tropics as gastrointestinal detoxifiers and food preservatives. Applied to the skin it desensitizes nerve endings and so has been used as a local anaesthetic.

Other Use: Repellent

Known Hazards: Some caution should be employed, however, since large doses are extremely irritating to the gastro-intestinal system. Many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. The sap of the plant can cause the skin to blister. Avoid in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants and antihypertensive drugs.

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