‘Geant d’hiver’

Spinach / Epinard / Σπανάκι


Common Name: Spinach / Epinard / Σπανάκι

Scientific Name: Spinacia oleracea


Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: semi-shade and full sun

Soil type: They dislike very heavy or very light soils. They also dislike acid soils, preferring a neutral to slightly alkaline soil.

Sowing in nursery: September

Direct Planting: October

Germination: 3 - 5 days after sowing (13 – 30 ºC)

Harvest: starts after 45 days.

Spacing: 25cm/30cm/2cm  


Flowers: dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant)

Pollination: wind,

Plant is not self-fertile

Seed preservation: 2 years


Edible Parts: Leaves. Seeds

Medicine: Appetizer;  Carminative;  Febrifuge;  Hypoglycaemic;  Laxative

It has been used in the treatment of urinary calculi. The leaves have been used in the treatment of febrile conditions, inflammation of the lungs and the bowels. The seeds are laxative and cooling. They have been used in the treatment of difficult breathing, inflammation of the liver and jaundice.

Other Uses: Dye.

Known Hazards:

The leaves of most varieties of spinach are high in oxalic acid. Although not toxic, this substance does lock up certain minerals in a meal, especially calcium, making them unavailable to the body. Cooking the leaves will reduce the content of oxalic acid. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.