Fennel / Fenouil / Μάραθος


Common Name: Fennel / Fenouil / Μάραθος

Scientific Name: Foeniculum vulgare purpurascens


Plant’s cycle: Perennial (life expectancy 5 years)

Light Requirement: Sun to Partial Shade.

Soil type: grows well in sandy soils, well-drained. pH: 6.1 - 7.8

Sowing in nursery: February

Direct Planting: March

Germination: 14-20 days from sowing at 25/10 °C

Harvest: leaves after 70 – 90 days, seeds after 110 - 150 days

Spacing: 15cm/15cm/1cm deep  


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: self-pollinated and cross-pollinated by insects

Plant is self-fertile

Seed preservation: 3 years


Edible Parts: Leaves, Seeds

Medicine: Analgesic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antispasmodic;  Aromatherapy;  Aromatic;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Expectorant;  Galactogogue;  Hallucinogenic;  
Stimulant;  Stomachic.

Known Hazards: Ingestion of the oil can cause vomiting, seizures and pulmonary edema.